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自考综合英语(一)试题_全国2008年10月自考试卷

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全国2008年10月高等教育自学考试综合英语(一)试题

湖北自考网5月24日整理
课程代码:00794
I. 用适当的语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将其代码填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
1. My brother was told that he _______ go to meet them at the airport.
 A. need not to  B. needed not to
 C. need not  D. didn’t need
2. The monitor has made _______ the class meeting will not be postponed.
 A. clear  B. clear that
 C. it clear that  D. that clear
3. Bob was fully occupied yesterday, otherwise he _______ to the meeting.
 A. would come  B. had come
 C. must have come  D. would have come
4. The new multipurpose gymnasium is reported to _______ within two years.
 A. have completed  B. have been completed
 C. having completed  D. having been completed
5. _______ another three weeks, I would have been able to finish the experiment.
 A. Given  B. Giving
 C. To give  D. Having given
6. My sister wanted to look for a job here _______ her abilities.
 A. suited to  B. suiting to
 C. suited  D. and to suit
7. Young____ , Daniel Hellberg was the best candidate for the job.
 A. as was he  B. as he was
 C. although he was  D. although was he
8. _______ got to the hotel yesterday evening when it began to rain heavily.
 A. No sooner I had  B. No sooner had I
 C. Hardly I had  D. Hardly had I
9. She failed in the exam, ____proves that she wasn’t working hard enough at school.
 A. this  B. it
 C. that  D. which
10. _______ the game had begun that Jim and Tony arrived at the sports ground.
 A. It was not until  B. It was until
 C. Not until  D. Until
11. I like the arguments she _______. They sound very convincing.
 A. composed  B. said
 C. presented  D. offered
12. The driver ____at the crossroads as the traffic lights flashed red.
 A. pulled off  B. pulled up
 C. pulled round  D. pulled over
13. The fire _______ a lot of smoke but little damage was done.
 A. gave away  B. sent off
 C. sent up  D. gave off
14. The governor had to _______ from office because of the scandal.
 A. resign  B. remove
 C. retreat  D. retire
15. There is less crime than there used to be. It seems that there is a____ in the crime rate.
 A. defect  B. decline
 C. descent  D. delay
16. She decided to go back to her home village _______ stay on in that strange city.
 A. than  B. instead
 C. rather than  D. other than
17. Although she has not appeared in a movie for over twenty years, her name is still familiar to her fans, old and young _______.
 A. together  B. alike
 C. like  D. all
18. I think a new era in the relationships between our two countries has _______.
 A. set about  B. set out
 C. set up  D. set in 
19. It is difficult to maintain our present rate of increase and in the meantime keep inflation 
____control..
 A. under  B. beneath
 C. within  D. below
20. When she heard the shot, she dashed there at once _______ to find a baby elephant shot dead.
 A. just  B. only
 C. then  D. about
Ⅱ.认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题。根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将其代码填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
Passage 1
Once an honored man was having a birthday party. His sons and servants were busy welcoming guests. A thief slipped into the house. He hid himself by lying face down on a beam in the ceiling of the hall where the birthday banquet was to be held. From there, the thief could look down upon the guests and see all the gifts of silks, jade, and jewels brought in. He tried to remember where these were put so that he could steal them after the party was over.
Later that evening, the host was looking at all his presents happily. He leaned over them with his back turned to the thief hiding on the beam. The thief was looking around the room so that he would be able to move quietly when the lights were off. As the thief hung his head over the beam it made a shadow on the floor.
The host did not show that he had seen the shadow. He called for his servant to set a table for one guest with the best food and drink. Turning towards the beam on which the thief lay, he bowed low and said, “Will the gentleman on the roof-beam now come down to have some refreshments?”
There was nothing else the thief could do but climb down. His host fed him well. After the thief had eaten his fill, the host gave him a bag of silver coins and begged him to make good use of them. Then the host saw the thief to the door and bid him good night.
Ten years passed, and again the honored man held a birthday party. Many visitors came to bring him presents. The man was very old by now and could not greet all the
guests. His grandson met the visitors at the door and invited them to dine with his grandfather in the evening. He then took the gifts in for the old man to see.
Towards the end of the day a stranger came, bringing gifts of gold and jewels. He would not give his name, but asked to see the honored old man.
The stranger was led to the old man’s room. The old man did not know this guest and asked for his name.
The stranger smiled, “I am an honest man. I have learned to live a good life. But it was not always so. Do you remember how you once asked me to come down from the roof-beam and eat your food?”
The host was amazed. He was even more surprised when he heard how his kindness had changed the thief into an honest man.
21. How did the thief get into the house?
 A. He carefully disguised himself as a guest.
 B. He followed the servants, carrying dishes.
 C. He broke into the house through a window.
 D. He went into the house without being noticed.
22. How did the host find out there was a thief in the house?
 A. He heard someone breathing.
 B. He heard footsteps in the hall.
 C. He noticed a shadow on the floor.
 D. He noticed that his gifts were gone.
23. What did the host do to the thief?
 A. He cursed him very loudly.
 B. He gave him food and money.
 C. He drove him out of the house.
 D. He called the police immediately.
24. How did the thief repay the host ten years later?
 A. He sent him a thankyou note.
 B. He invited him to a nice dinner.
 C. He brought gold and jewels stolen from others.
 D. He brought gold and jewels he had earned honestly.
25. What is the moral lesson of the story?
 A. An act of kindness may help develop honesty in a person.
 B. An act of kindness may turn all thieves into honest people.
 C. People are honest because they have all been treated kindly.
 D. People are dishonest because they have been treated unkindly.
Passage 2
It is natural for young people to be critical of their parents at times and to blame them for most of the misunderstandings between them. They have always complained, more or less justly, that their parents are out of touch with modern ways; that they are possessive and dominant; that they do not trust their children to deal with crises; that they talk too much about certain problems—and that they have no sense of humor, at least in parent-child relationships.
I think it is true that parents often misunderstand their teenage children and also forget how they themselves felt when young.
Young people often anger their parents with their choices in clothes and hairstyles, in entertainers and music. This is not their intention. They feel cut off from the adult world into which they have not yet been accepted. So they create a culture and society of their own. Then, if it turns out that their music or entertainers or vocabulary or clothes or hairstyles anger their parents, this gives them additional enjoyment. They feel they are superior, at least in a small way, and that they are leaders in style and taste.
Sometimes you are resistant and proud because you do not want your parents to approve of what you do. If they do approve, it looks as if you are betraying your own age group. But in that case, you are assuming that you are the underdog: you can’t win but at least you can keep your honor. This is a passive way of looking at things. It is natural enough after long years of childhood, when you were completely under your parents’ control. But this way of looking at things ignores the fact that you are now beginning to be responsible for yourself. If you plan to control your life, co-operation can be part of that plan. You can charm others, especially your parents, into doing things the way you want. You can impress others with your sense of responsibility and initiative, so that they will give you the authority to do what you want to do.
26. The author is primarily addressing _______.
 A. teachers  B. teenagers
 C. parents  D. authorities
27. The first paragraph is mainly about _______.
 A. teenagers’ criticisms on their parents
 B. teenagers’ ability to deal with crises
 C. parents’ dominance over their children
 D. parents’ misunderstandings of their children
28. Teenagers tend to have strange hairstyles because they_______.
 A. want to anger their parents
 B. want to have a culture of their own
 C. enjoy being different in style and taste
 D. have no other way to enjoy themselves better
29. Teenagers do not want their parents to approve of what they do because _______.
 A. they don’t like their parents’ way of life
 B. they are not likely to win over the adults
 C. they have already been accepted into the adult world
 D. they don’t want to be isolated from people of their own age
 30. To improve parent-child relationships, teenagers are advised to be _______.
 A. obedient  B. responsible
 C. co-operative  D. independent

III.用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每两小题1分,共10分)(注意:考生使用新式或老式音标均可)
31. royalty  32. genius
33. celebration  34. collapse
35. government  36. defiance
37. entertainer  38. swollen
39. circumstance  40. clearness
41. oxygen  42. amusement
43. worthless  44. physically
45. essential  46. mechanized
47. enquiry  48. generosity
49. bathe  50. channel

IV.完形填空(将正确答案填在答题纸相应的位置上)(本大题共20小题,每两小题1分,共10分)
A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。
 
also bank borrow buy    
earn expensive increase keep    
loan probably statement still  
Where you save your money often depends on what you are saving it for. If you are saving money to 51 a CD or to go to a concert, then 52 you would keep it somewhere in your room.
If you are saving money for something more 53, like a mountain bike or a school trip, where would you save it?
One place to save money is the 54. Putting your money in a savings account will help your money 55 more money. If you put your money in a piggy bank, in a year you’ ll 56 have the same amount of money you put in. However, if you put your money in a savings account, in a year, you’ll have more money than you put in. Why?
When you 57 your money in a bank, your money earns interest. Interest is the amount of money a bank pays you for using your money. The bank uses your money to 58 money to people and businesses.
The bank will send you a statement several times a year. A bank 59 tells you how much money you have in your account. It 60 tells you how much interest you have earned. If you leave your money in the bank, you can watch it grow!
B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。
In ten minutes I had seen all that could be seen in the fish, and started to look for the professor—who had, however, left. Half an hour 6l—an hour—another hour; the fish began to look disgusting. I turned it 62 and around; looked it in the face—ghastly; from behind, beneath, above, sideways—just 63 ghastly. I 64 not use a magnifying glass, 65 instruments of any kind. Just my two hands, my two eyes, and the fish: it seemed a most limited 66 of study. With a feeling of desperation again I looked at that fish. I pushed my finger down its throat to feel how 67 the teeth were. I began to count the 68 in the different rows, until I was convinced that was nonsense. At last a happy thought struck me—I would 69 the fish; and now with surprise I began to 70 new features in the creature.

V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
71. Time is tricky because _______.
72. When an old and unhappy man told Andersen that he was sorry for what he had done, Andersen______.
73. The wrong Marine proved, in a very human way, that there are people who ______.
74. The writing of a dictionary is a task of recording _______.
75. According to the author, happiness lies in______.
76. A reserved person is one who does not ______, and seldom gets excited.
77. In Thank You, Ma’am, Mrs. Jones says to the boy, “... And next time, don’t snatch my purse, nor anybody else’s—because shoes _______.”
78. Everybody but the author knew that Professor Kolb had ______which he used in turn over a five-year period.
79. Chris, with a piece of yellow chalk, wrote the letter “A” for the first time in his life with______.
80. The Puerto Rican did not help the white woman because he was afraid that _______.

VI.将下列句子译成英语,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,
共20分)
81.据我所知,昨天他们俩都没去参加聚会。
82.你终于学会了游泳,我太高兴了。
83.我进城后一直没听到过有关他的消息。
84.玛丽感谢我指出了她作文中的错误。
85.孩子们终于安静下来开始做家庭作业了。
86.据说他的书译成了多种语言。
87.汤姆很难赶上班上的同学。
88.那位年轻人非常生气,挂断了电话。
89.如果你闯了祸,可别把责任推给我。
90.我们正在考虑如何安排好这次旅行。


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