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自考综合英语(一)试题_全国2008年1月自考试卷

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全国2008年1月高等教育自学考试综合英语(一)试题

湖北自考网5月23日整理
课程代码:00794
请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上
Ⅰ. 用适当的语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分)
1. The baby laughed ______ he understood what his mother said.
 A. as if  B. as
 C. as yet  D. like
2. ______ he said at the meeting was beyond our wildest expectation.
 A. That  B. What
 C. Which  D. Why
3. She could not help ______ when she heard the terrible news.
 A. to cry  B. cried
 C. to have cried  D. crying
4. This baby seldom cries ______ he is tired.
 A. however  B. whether
 C. unless  D. if
5. The job would require that he ______ at the factory at 7 o’clock every morning.
 A. will be  B. be
 C. was  D. is
6. Without his unselfish help, we ______ in our experiment.
 A. should not succeed  B. will not succeed
 C. have not succeeded  D. could not have succeeded
7. Where ______ hide themselves?
 A. you think can the criminals  B. do you think can the criminals
 C. do you think the criminals can  D. you think the criminals can
8. ______ that he had completed designing a new device of laser, we came to congratulate him on his success.
 A. To have heard  B. Having heard
 C. Being heard  D. Having been heard
9. When he returned to his seat in the waiting room, he found his luggage ______.
 A. missed  B. missing
 C. being missed  D. to be missed
10. The heavy rain ______, we went on with our journey and got there twenty minutes later.
 A. was stopped  B. stopping
 C. having stopped  D. being stopped
11. Energy can never be obtained from nothing, ______.
 A. nor it can ever be destroyed  B. nor can it ever be destroyed
 C. nor can ever be destroyed  D. nor ever can be destroyed
12. The man speaking at the platform was Dr. Wells, ______ the party was given.
 A. in his honor  B. for his honor
 C. in whose honor  D. for whose honor
13. Beethoven, the great musician, wrote nine symphonies in his life, ______ after he had lost his hearting.
 A. most of them written  B. most of which written
 C. but most of which written  D. which was most written
14. It was because he was in a dangerous condition ______ the doctor decided to operate on him.
 A. that  B. so that
 C. so  D. in which 
15. No sooner had he finished the last bit of food ______ the waiter came and cleared the table.
 A. then  B. than
 C. that  D. thus
16. Once ______ oxygen for more than five to seven minutes, the brain will be given damage that cannot be repaired.
 A. escaped from  B. deprived of
 C. divided by  D. drunk in
17. I live in the city, but on weekends, I sometimes go to the countryside ______ a change.
 A. with  B. for
 C. on  D. to
18. Although ten years has passed, the sweet smile of his late wife is still ______ his mind.
 A. in  B. over
 C. on  D. along
19. It is easy to make a promise, but hard to ______ it.
 A. keep  B. maintain
 C. remain  D. continue
20. Scientists Will have to come ______ new methods of increasing the world’s food supply.
 A. up with  B. down with
 C. up for  D. down to
21. He often acts ______ what will happen afterwards.
 A. apart from  B. as a result
 C. with regard  D. regardless of
22. An optimistic person always looks ______ rather than lives in sad memories.
 A. up  B. out
 C. ahead  D. through
23. The light and radio in his room are on. He ______ home.
 A. could be  B. must be
 C. has to be  D. needs to be
24. Whenever the young man ran ______ difficulties, he would turn to his father for help.
 A. into  B. over
 C. out of  D. short of
25. For example, the English used by a Canadian is not exactly like ______ used by an English.
 A. one  B. that
 C. what  D. those
26. Arthur has such a(an) ______ personality that everyone likes him.
 A. pleasant  B. easy
 C. critical  D. demanding
27. He was never ______. He didn’t want either fame or wealth. He just wanted to live a peaceful life.
 A. interesting  B. purposeful
 C. prejudiced  D. ambitious
28. Travel in space can be exciting; nevertheless it can be boring and lonely ______.
 A. sometime  B. some time
 C. at time  D. at times
29. Having been told that the inspector was coming to our class today, we all tried our best to ______ ourselves.
 A. show  B. present
 C. behave  D. defend
30. I was very upset at ______ a business trip to Beijing at this crucial moment.
 A. his taking  B. he takes
 C. he took  D. him to take
Ⅱ. 认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题。根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
Passage 1
  On Wednesday afternoons Annie took the bus into Cressley to shop in the market. For an hour or so she would walk up and down between the stalls, looking at everything, buying here and there, and keeping a sharp lookout for the bargains that were sometimes to be had. And then, with all the things she needed bought, she would leave the market for the streets of the town to spend another hour in the way she liked best: looking in furniture-shop windows. There were furniture shops of all kinds in Cressley, from those where you had to stretch your neck to see the prices on the tickets to others where you could hardly see the furniture itself for the many notices offering goods at prices almost too tempting to be true.
 One Wednesday she found a new shop full of the most delightful things, with a notice inviting anyone to walk in and look around without feeling they had to buy something. Annie hesitated for a moment before stepping through the doorway where, almost at once, she stopped delighted before a green armchair. There was a card on the chair which said: “This fine chair is yours for less than a pound a week,” and very small at the bottom, “Cash price eighty-nine pounds fifty.” A pound a week... Why, she could almost pay that out of her housekeeping money and never miss it!
 A voice at her shoulder made her jump. “Can I help you, Madam?” She looked round at the assistant who had come softly to her side.
 “Oh, well, no,” she said, “I was just looking.”
   “We’ve chairs of all kinds in the showroom. If you’ll just come up you will find something to suit you...”
 Annie, although a little worried at the thought of being persuaded to buy something, couldn’t think of how to refuse. She was already being led to the back of the shop and up a few wide steps.
31. When she was doing her weekly shopping in the market, Annie was ______.
 A. impatient
B. cheerful
 C. selective
 D. doubtful
32. What did Annie particularly enjoy doing in Cressley?
 A. Hunting for bargains.
 B. Wandering round the market.
 C. Going into different shops.
 D. Window-shopping.
33. On this particular Wednesday, Annie discovered ______.
 A. a furniture shop she had not seen before
 B. a self-service furniture shop
 C. a notice about a furniture sale
 D. an extra pound to spend
34. Annie stopped when she was inside the shop because she saw ______.
 A. no shop assistant
 B. a piece of furniture
 C. a notice
 D. a shop assistant
35. When the shop assistant led Annie to the back of the shop, she followed him         .
 A. willingly
 B. angrily
 C. happily
 D. unconsciously
Passage 2
 There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degrees of health and wealth and the other comforts of life, one becomes happy while the other becomes miserable. This arises from the different ways in which they consider things, persons, and events, and the resulting effects upon their minds.
   The people who are to be happy fix their attention on the conveniences of things, the pleasant parts of conversations, the well-prepared dishes, the goodness of the wines, the fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the contrary things. Therefore, they are continually discontented. By their remarks, they sour the pleasures of society, offend many people, and make themselves disagreeable everywhere. If this turn of mind were founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be more to be pitied. The tendency to criticize and be disgusted is perhaps taken up originally by imitation. It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors. The habit may be strong, but it may be cured when those who have it are convinced of its bad effects on their interests and tastes. I hope this little warning may help them change this habit.
 Although in fact it is chiefly an act of the imagination, it has serious consequences in life, since it brings on deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people offend many others, nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most common politeness and respect, and scarcely that. This frequently puts them in bad temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at obtaining some advantage in rank or fortune, nobody wishes them success. Nor will anyone stir a step or speak a word to favor their hopes. If they bring on themselves public disapproval, no one will defend or excuse them, and many will join to criticize their misconduct. These people should change this bad habit. If they do not, it will be good for others to avoid any contact with them. Otherwise, it can be disagreeable and sometimes very inconvenient, especially when one becomes mixed up in their quarrels.
36. People who are unhappy ______.
 A. always consider things differently from others
 B. usually are influenced by the results of certain things
 C. can discover the unpleasant part of certain things
 D. usually have a fault-finding habit
37. The underlined phrase “sour the pleasures of  society” (Line 8) most nearly means______.
 A. enjoy the pleasures of society
 B. aren’t content with the pleasures of society
 C. have a good taste to the pleasures of society
 D. feel uncomfortable with the pleasures of society
38. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
 A. We should pity all such unhappy people.
 B. Such unhappy people are critical about everything.
 C. If such unhappy people recognize the bad effects of the habit on themselves, they may get rid of it.
 D. Such unhappy people are also not content with themselves.
39. The underlined part “scarcely that” (Line 17) means ______.
 A. just like that
 B. almost not like that
 C. more than that
 D. not at all like that
40. If such unhappy persons don’t change their bad behavior, the author’s solution to the problem is that ______.
 A. people should avoid contact with them
 B. people should criticize their misconduct
 C. people should help them recognize the bad effects of the habit
 D. people should show no respect and politeness to them
Ⅲ. 用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)(注意:考生使用新式或老式音标均可)
41. abuse   42. beneath   43. conscience   44. exhausted
45. fiercely  46. headquarters  47. incompetence   48. indoors
49. justify  50. kneel    51. concrete   52. despite
53. pension  54. malicious   55. willingness  56.incidence
57. physically  58.expression   59.scholar   60. duck-yard
Ⅳ. 完形填空(将正确答案填在答题纸相应的位置上)(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)
A. 从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。
 
why to Passively because    
all how Same it    
attention an Have or  
   One of the advantages of taking notes is that it forces you to pay closer attention to the class lecture. If you listen  61  a professor who is talking on and on for an hour  62 , your mind will often wander and your  63  lessen. You are sitting in class and listening, but that may be  64  you are doing; however, when you listen actively you  65  to pay more careful and constant attention to what is being said. This is  66  you are trying to transfer what you hear into 
  67   understandable, shortened written form. As a foreign student, you may find  68  very difficult to listen and write notes in English at the  69  time. It is difficult at first, but you will learn  70  to do so with practice.
B. 根据课文的内容在(武汉自考)每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。
  This is true of the techniques of mankind. It is  71  true of mankind’s spiritual resources. Most  72  these resources, both technical and spiritual, are stored in books. When you have read a book, you have  73  to your human experiences. Read Homer and your mind includes a 74 of Homer’s mind. Through books you can  75  at least fragments of the mind and experience of Virgil, Dante, Shakespeare — the list is  76 . For a great book is necessarily a  77 ; it offers you a life you have not the time  78  live yourself, and it takes you  79  a world you have not the time to travel in literal time.  80  civilized mind is one that contains many such lives and many such worlds.
V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
81. In “Night Watch”, the Marine did not tell the old man the truth and stayed with him until he died. The Marine proved, in a very human way, that ______.
82. According to the author of “How Dictionaries Are Made”, the writing of dictionaries is not setting up rules about ______, but recording what different words have meant to authors in the past.
83. The event that changed Christy Brown’s life and led him to mental freedom was that ______.
84. While reciting the day’s lecture to himself, the author of “I Got My B. A. by Sheer Luck”
 discovered that the lecture could be divided into topics and subtopics by ______.
85. According to Dr. Coleman, the author of “The Trashman”, most people think garbage collectors______.
86. In “The Day I Was Fat”, while the woman was losing weight, she was also reshaping ______.
87. According to Steven R. Covery, the Emotional Bank Account is like a financial bank account in one way: you can ______.
88. Hearing that her husband had died, Louise Mallard’s immediate response was ______.
89. Professor Agassie had a good first impression of the author because ______.
90. Bob Sugg went to Salem Crescent after dark on Thursday night because ______.
VI.将下列句子译成英语,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
91.为了不让人笑话,我尽量避免犯错误。
92.我本以为会为他的去世感到悲哀,但是我错了。
93.约翰面临一个困难的选择:是工作还是继续学习。
94.妈妈坚持让我带上雨伞,以防下雨。
95.这名士兵拒绝执行他认为错误的命令。 
96.要想跟上形势,你最好经常读报。
97.不是我买不起电视机,而是我觉得看电视伤眼睛。
98.第一次就成功几乎不可能。
99.直到今天她才意识到,两次婚姻留给她的只有痛苦。
100.作为一名老师,我总是鼓励学生多参加社会活动。


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