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2011年4月综合英语(一)自考试题

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I.用适当语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C和D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将其代码填写在答题纸上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
1. The general manager had his secretary ______ a joint conference yesterday.
A. arrange  B. arranging
C. to arrange  D. arranged
2. His brother doesn’t want ______ he’s going away from home.
A. to be known that  B. it that to be known
C. it to be known that  D. that it to be known
3. I didn’t know Jennie’s telephone number; otherwise I ______ her.
A. had telephoned  B. would have telephoned
C. telephoned  D. would telephone
4. The question ______ tomorrow is whether this highway should be built.
A. debated  B. to debate
C. debating  D. to be debated
5. Until then, Peter ______ from his family for more than six months.
A. didn’t hear  B. hadn’t heard
C. hasn’t heard  D. doesn’t hear
6. So much ______ about her future job that she can’t sleep at night.
A. she worries  B. that she worries
C. as does she worry  D. does she worry
7. He resented ______ the discussion that directly concerned his future.
A. to be excluded from  B. to exclude from
C. being excluded from  D. excluding from
8. ______ last week that they finished their report on the project.
A. Until  B. It was until
C. Not until  D. It was not until
9. Mary’s parents ______ to the movies without doing her homework.
A. objected to her going  B. objected her to go
C. were objected to her going  D. were objected her to go
10. It is recommended that the project ______ until all the preparations have been made.
A. will not be started  B. is not started
C. not be started  D. not to be started
11. It’s difficult to tell the twins ______ because they look exactly the same.
A. apart  B. alike
C. aside  D. across
12. The quality of life had improved ______ and there was a marked change in life style.
A. considerately  B. considerably
C. desperately  D. essentially
13. That Christmas Eve, he was too excited to sleep, and just pretended to, hoping to catch a ______ of Father Christmas.
A. sight  B. glimmer
C. glimpse  D. glare
14. She turned down the invitation to the party as she had a(n) ______ at the office with a new client.
A. appointment  B. arrangement
C. assignment  D. promise
15. Something in her had changed and this kept me from recognizing her ______ first glance.
A. through  B. at
C. with  D. in
16. This woman devotes herself ______ experimenting with new ways of teaching retarded children.
A. to  B. at
C. into  D. over
17. When she heard that her husband was killed in a gas explosion, she ______ tears.
A. broke out  B. ran into
C. burst into  D. came with
18. For your safety and the safety of others, always ______ the traffic signals.
A. take care of  B. pay attention to
C. be aware of  D. look out
19. The village head was criticized because he did not ______ immediate action to put the bird-flu under control.
A. find  B. produce
C. take  D. use
20. Resentment against your work seems to ______ from the fact that people don’t understand it.
A. rise  B. raise
C. arouse  D. arise

II.认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题。根据短文的内容从四个选项中选择一个最佳答案,并将其代码填写在答题纸上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
Passage 1
At Denver there was a flow of passengers into the coaches on the eastbound express. In one coach there sat a very pretty young woman dressed in elegant taste and surrounded by all the comforts of an experienced traveler. Among the newcomers were two young men, one of handsome look with a bold, frank expression; the other heavily built and roughly dressed. The two were handcuffed together.
As they passed down the aisle of the coach the only vacant seat offered was the one facing the attractive young woman. Here the linked couple seated themselves. When the young woman’s glance fell upon them, her face brightened with a lovely smile.
“Well, Mr. Easton, if you will make me speak first, I suppose I must. Don’t you ever recognize old friends when you meet them in the west?”
The young man roused himself sharply at the sound of her voice, seemed to struggle with a slight embarrassment which he threw off instantly, and then clasped her fingers with his left hand.
“It’s Miss Fairchild,” he said, with a smile. “I’ll ask you to excuse the other hand; it’s otherwise engaged just at present.”
He slightly raised his right hand, bound at the wrist by the shining “bracelet” to the left one of his companion. The glad look in the girl’s eyes slowly changed to a puzzled horror. The glow faded from her cheeks. Easton, with a little laugh, as if amused, was about to speak again when the other stopped him. The heavily-built man said, “You’ll excuse me for speaking, miss, but, I see you’re acquainted with the marshal here. If you’ll ask him to speak a word for me when we get to prison he’ll do it, and it’ll make things easier for me there. He’s taking me to Leavenworth prison. It’s seven years for making fake money.”
“Oh!” said the girl, with a deep breath and returning color. “So that is what you are doing out here? A marshal!”
The conversation between the girl and Easton carried on happily until the heavily-built man growled, “Say, Mr. Marshal, this isn’t quite fair. I’m needing a drink, and haven’t had a smoke all day. Haven’t you talked long enough? Take me in the smoker now, won’t you? I’m half dead for a pipe.”
When the two men left for the smoker, said one of the passengers near by: “That marshal’s a good sort of guy. Some of these Western fellows are all right.”
“Pretty young to hold an office like that, isn’t he?” asked the other.
“Young!” exclaimed the first speaker, “Why—Oh! didn’t you catch on? Say—did you ever know an officer to handcuff a prisoner to his right hand?”
21. The train set off from ______.
A. the east of the United States
B. the west of the United States
C. the south of the United States
D. the middle west of the Untied States
22. When the young woman saw the two men, she smiled at them because ______.
A. she wanted to be polite to the other passengers
B. she recognized Easton, who was a friend of hers
C. she was glad to have someone to talk to in the coach
D. she thought it was funny for two men to be linked together
23. When the heavily-built man asked the pretty woman to speak a word for him, he wanted to ______.
A. save Easton from embarrassment
B. reduce his own suffering in prison
C. strike up a conversation with the attractive woman
D. help Easton to carry on the conversation with the woman
24. What does the phrase “catch on” in the last paragraph mean?
A. Notice his face.  B. Understand.
C. Listen to the conversation.  D. Carry on.
25. The conversation between two other passengers at the end of the passage suggests that the heavy-built man is a ______.
A. prisoner  B. bad guy
C. friend of Easton  D. marshal
Passage 2
America has long been considered the land of opportunity by those from other countries. Americans, too, believe that the United States provides almost limitless opportunity for those who want to open businesses on their own.
Today, Americans are still fond of trying their hand at becoming small business people, even though only one out of two survives the first two years. Many of these people start their businesses for the wrong reasons: to get away from the paper work of their present jobs or to exchange the responsibility of their present jobs for freer life styles. But more, not less, paper work and responsibility come with ownership of a small business. John Shuttleworth, owner of the recently successful news magazine Mother Earth, reports having had to work sixty hours straight in order to bring out the first issue.
John Shuttleworth waited years after thinking about the idea for Mother Earth before he attempted to put out the first issue. During that time, he collected as much information as he could about his plan. He borrowed books about business from the library; he talked to people already established in the field; and he began planning in detail the amount of money and the kinds and numbers of supplies he would need. When he finally opened with a capital of $1,500, he set up his office in the kitchen of his home and his printing press in the garage. Due to his devotion to business, his skill and talent, Mother Earth now has a circulation of 300,000.
Not all small businesses succeed as well as Mother Earth does. Fifty percent of the 450,000 that start in the United States every year fail. Still, ninety-five percent businesses in the States can be described as small. Combined, these businesses account for forty percent of America’s gross (总的) national product.
26. Many people start their businesses for the wrong reasons as they do not realize that their businesses will ______.
A. have a great chance of failure
B. provide large income but less responsibility
C. require longer working hours but less paper work
D. not relieve them from much paper work and responsibility
27. In the second paragraph “straight” means ______.
A. continuously  B. honestly
C. alone  D. not curved
28. Before John Shuttleworth started his business, he ______.
A. borrowed money B. developed a rough plan
C. made all kinds of preparations D. visited some established businesses
29. Which of the following is NOT true of the small businesses in the United States?
A. One can start a small business at home.
B. America’s development depends a lot on small businesses.
C. Many people in America start small businesses to escape paper work.
D. 50% of the small businesses fail because the owners are not well prepared.
30. This passage is mainly about ______.
A. John Shuttleworth’s success
B. the failure of businesses in the United States
C. starting a small business in the United States
D. American people’s attitude towards businesses

III.用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。(本大题共20小题,每小
题0.5分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)
31. awkward  32. author
33. absolutely  34. decent
35. personnel  36. miserable
37. appearance  38. quality
39. romance  40. nutrition
41. loyalty  42. nonetheless
43. acceptance  44. prolong
45. summary  46. championship
47. carelessly  48. character
49. bathing  50. fragment

IV.完形填空(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)
A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

to           which            had        by
up            but            down       ago
with           one             of        later
Mum kept a really close eye on us when we were born, and as soon as she spotted something wrong she immediately fixed it    51   .
Jackie, she told women in the shop, had been born    52    his head tilted to one side and the doctor said only a special daily massage    53    an expert would fix it up. And a few months    54   , Mum had him right herself. Then I was born with    55    of my feet pointing upwards, so Mum got me leg irons to fix it up.
Mum was big and strong but she still    56    to get various grown-ups to help hold me    57    on the kitchen table    58    strap my legs into the irons which I had to wear all day and    59    hurt. On the table I cried and screamed and fought,    60    Mum was never impressed with present grief if she thought it would lead to some future happiness: even after you were dead.
B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。
The man was alone in the empty land, but he was not lost. He knew the way    61    their camp, where he would find food and bullets. He    62    to his feet and limped on. Bill would be    63    for him there, and together they    64    go south to the Hudson Bay Company. He had not eaten    65    two days. Often he stopped to pick some small berries and    66    them into his mouth. The berries were tasteless, and did not satisfy,    67    he knew he must eat them.
In the evening he built a fire and slept    68    a dead man. When he woke up, the man took out a small sack.    69    weighed fifteen pounds. He wasn’t sure    70    he could carry it any longer. But he couldn’t leave it behind.

V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
71. The English are modest because they think that ______.
72. After the Evening Messenger printed the full story of his Great Idea, Mr. Budd was afraid that ______.
73. By describing how dictionaries are made, the writer meant to tell us not to ______.
74. After Sidney Poitier finished his work in the restaurant he would ______.
75. The sudden change in Christy’s life came when ______.
76. The author of Unreality of TV gives us a few examples to show that ______.
77. In Little Things Are Big, the author dared not help the white woman because he was afraid that ______.
78. The boxing term “below the belt” is now used to describe ______.
79. David and his wife were able to meet the donor’s parents because ______.
80. According to the author of Another School Year—What For, the real purpose of a university is to ______.

Ⅵ.将下列句子译成英语。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
81.我听说你弟弟将负责公司新产品的开发。
82.有人给杰克提供一份高薪的工作,但他拒绝了。
83.还没决定派谁去执行这项任务。
84.我们不明白玛丽为什么在穿着上花那么多钱。
85.不容否认,我们在这个研究领域发挥了重要作用。
86.据说他们昨天的表演非常成功。
87.我除了知道玛丽现在是个大学生外,对她别无所知。
88.因为许多同学要去听讲座,我们最好将班会延期。
89.游人站在那儿,尽情地观赏那美丽的山景。
90.经过彻底清扫之后,校园比以前更漂亮。


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