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2010年7月综合英语(一)自考试题

更新时间:2019/5/25 18:09:09来源:湖北自考教育网http://www.chinazhikao.com

Ⅰ、词法和词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
1 .Tom has three _____.
 A. brothers-in-law  B. brother-in-laws
 C. brother-in-law  D. brothers in law
2. Measles (麻疹) _____ a long time to get over.
 A. take  B. takes
 C. spend  D. spends
3. I caught the last bus from town; but Tom came home __ than I.
 A. more late  B. more later
 C. even later  D. the later
4. It _____ that the young Marine was not the old man’s son.
 A. turned out  B. came to
 C. happened to  D. looked out
5. The wind died ____ and it began to rain.
 A. off  B. out
 C. up  D. away
6. You shouldn’t take _____ of that child who knows nothing about it.
 A. chance  B. advantage
 C. away  D. benefit
7. In America, many white people are _____ the black people.
 A. prejudiced to  B. prejudicing against
 C. prejudiced against  D. prejudiced at
8. The soldier reported what he had seen to the general _____.
 A. an time  B. upon time
 C. in detail  D. of detail
9. He said no, ______ made me very disappointed.
 A. which  B. that
 C. what  D. where
10. It is believed _____ he can finish the work in only three days.
 A. which  B. that
 C. what  D. how
11. It ______ be a good film but it turned out to be a disaster.
 A. is suppose to  B. is supposed to
 C. was suppose to  D. was supposed to
12. The musician upstairs ______ every note of the music.
 A. absorbed into  B. put in
 C. handed in  D. drank in
13. _____ all your wishes come true!
 A. Must  B. May
 C. Could  D. Might
14. Everybody wants _____ properly for what they do.
 A. to pay  B. being paid
 C. to be paid  D. to be paid for
15. Mr. Guan is _____ of the foreign affairs in the company.
 A. put charge  B. in charge
 C. charged with  D. in the charge
16. I remembered _____ my handbag by my right side, but it was gone now.
 A. to put  B. putting
 C. put  D. have put
17. His father is an artist _____.
 A. or anything  B. or something
 C. or nothing  D. or else
18. _____ we’ve done what you want, there is no reason for you to complain any more.
 A. Now that  B. Because
 C. In case  D. For fear that
19. He was deprived _____ the right to take care of his child.
 A. from  B. of
 C. away  D. off
20. People need _____ regularly at the dentist’s.
 A. to have their teeth examined  B. to be examining their teeth
 C. to be examined their teeth  D. to have examined their teeth

Ⅱ.阅读理解。认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。
(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
Passage One
I know I belonged to the public and to the world, not because I was talented or even beautiful, but because I had never belonged to anything or anyone else.
——Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe’s career as an actress was only 16 years. She made 29 films, 24 in the first 8 years of her career
Born as Norma Jeanne Mortenson on June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles General Hospital, her mother, Gladys, listed the father’s name as unknown. Marilyn would never know the true identity of her father. On July 23, 1946 she signed a contract with Twentieth Century-Fox Studios. She selected her mother’s family name of Monroe. From this point on she would be known as Marilyn Monroe to all her fans.
Her first serious acting job came in 1950 when she had a small but important role in “The Asphalt Jungle” and received favorable reviews. “Clash By Night” in 1952 earned her several notices. Alton Cook of the New York World-Telegram and Sun wrote “... a forceful actress, a gifted new star, worthy of all the fantasy of the press. Her role here is not very big, but she makes it dominant.” Monroe’s first leading part in a serious feature was to be in “Don’t Bother to Knock”, also filmed in 1952.
Also in 1952 Marilyn began filming “Niagara”. This film established her stardom. After her next big film, “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes”, she signed her name and placed her hands and feet in the wet cement in front of the Chinese Theatre on Hollywood Boulevard, where she had visited years earlier as a child.
In Monroe’s life, Arthur Miller had a great effect on her. To Monroe, Miller represented the serious theatre and a wisdom that she found attractive. To Miller, years after, he said, “It was wonderful to be around her, she was simply overwhelming. She had so much promise. It seemed to me that she could really be a great kind of phenomenon, a terrific artist. She was endlessly fascinating; full of original observations... there wasn’t a traditional bone in her body.”
Monroe’s health had been getting worse due to increased dependency on drugs and an unhappy marriage. She often came to the set late and was unable to remember her lines.
Monroe died on August 5, 1960, at the age of 36.
21. From this passage we know ____.
 A. Marilyn Monroe gave herself her family name
 B. Marilyn’s mother named Monroe in hospital
 C. Arthur Miller selected the name for Marilyn Monroe
 D. Marilyn Monroe was named after her father
22. It was in 1952 that Marilyn Monroe ____.
 A. signed a contract with Twentieth Century-Fox Studios
 B. gradually attracted the public’s attention by her acting job
 C. began to play a leading role in the film called Clash By Night
 D. turned 36
23. Arthur Miller said there wasn’t a traditional bone in Monroe’s body probably because ____.
 A. she was a great beauty
 B. she brought people fresh and creative feelings
 C. she belonged to the public and the world
 D. she achieved a lot in her short acting career
24. It can be concluded from the passage that ____.
 A. since she was born Monroe’s health had been in bad condition
 B. Monroe began to pick up an acting job at the age of 16
 C. Monroe died very young because of her unhappy marriage
 D. Monroe’s acting fame was founded very quickly
25. What does the word “terrific” mean?
 A. terrible  B. attractive
 C. wonderful  D. beautiful
Passage Two
You’ve just got a new computer and you are delighted with it. It is doing everything you want it to do. But what are you going to do with your old computer?
In the past consumers often paid high prices for their computers, but how much do you think these computers are worth now? Few people want to buy a computer which has become out-of-date or has been replaced by a newer mode. Unfortunately, the only thing you can do with a computer which you have had for five or six years is to throw it away with your other garbage
What do many people do when they try to sell their old computers? Foolishly, they take into account its original cost and then reduce the price according to the age of the computer rather like a second-hand car. They forget that new computers are becoming cheaper every day, making old computers almost worthless. In 1985, for example, a good computer cost over $4,000. Then years later its owner would be lucky to get $ 400.
One well-known computer magazine recently compiled a list of 10 things to do with an old computer. One suggestion was to donate it to charity or give it as one of the small prizes in a competition. The final suggestion was to keep it in a safe place and hope that it would become a collector’s item in 15 or 20 years - though the article in the magazine admitted that in 15 or 20 years, there may be so many old computers that they will all be worthless.
26. What does the word “out-of-date” mean?
 A. Fashionable
 B. No longer fashionable
 C. Second hand
 D. Worthless
27. According to the computer magazine, the best way to do with an old computer is _____.
 A. to throw it away
 B. to evaluate it and sell it
 C. to donate it to the poor
 D. to keep it at home
28. How many ways are mentioned in the passage to do with an old computer?
 A. 10
 B. 12
 C. 5
 D. 4
29. The title of the passage could be
 A. Throw Away Your Old Computer
 B. How Much Does An Old Computer Cost Now?
 C. What To Do With Your Old Computer
 D. Useless Computer
30. Is it worth to preserve the computer for 15 years according to the author?
 A. Yes
 B. No
 C. Perhaps
 D. He doesn’t mention it.

Ⅲ.标音。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)
31. shall  32. smooth
33. is  34. them
35. circle  36. start
37. book  38. caught
39. rain  40. town
41. fear  42. known
43. all 44.cup
45. teach 46.thick
47. swear 48. few
49. knit 50. Single

Ⅳ.完形填空。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)
A.从下列单词中选择恰当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。
and    again    around   at   below     but
For    Tited    until    up   weather   Worried
  51  of sleeping on the floor, a young man in Teheran saved up for years to buy a real bed.  52  the first time in his life, he became the proud owner of a bed which has springs and mattress. Because the  53  was very hot, he carried the bed on to the roof of his house. He slept very well for the first two nights,  54  on the third night, a storm blew  55  . A gust of wind swept the bed off the roof and sent it crashing into the courtyard  56  . The young man did not wake up  57  the bed was smashed to pieces. The man was miraculously unhurt. When he woke up, he was still on the mattress. Glancing  58  the bits of wood and metal that lay  59  him, the man sadly picked up the mattress and carried it into his house. After he had put it on the floor, he promptly went to sleep  60 .
B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。
Kids have a  61  sense of what emergency wards of hospitals are really  62  . On TV shows they takes a kid to an  63  ward and four doctors come rushing  64  to bandage his leg. In a  65  life situation the kid would be sitting on the bench  66  two hours before he even saw a nurse. On TV there always  67  to be a hospital bed  68  when a kid needs it. What the kids in this country don’t know is that sometimes you have to  69  three days to get a hospital bed and then you have to  70  500 dollars down before they give it to you.

V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)
71. The prince of Denmark told Andersen to learn a useful trade, because ____.
72. In Night Watch, the son whose hand the dying old man held tightly was ____.
73. In Love of Life, even though the man was saved and had enough to eat, he still hid food because he ______.
74. In The Joker, one thing was sure: you couldn’t help liking Henry Ground and _____.
75. Sangstrom wanted to buy poison to _____.
76. Dr. Applebaum’s recent study on the effect of television on children is about _____.
77. According to the doctor, the cause of Louise’s heart failure was _____.
78. Steve was not ashamed of working as a trash man because ______.
79. Mr. Budd was eager to catch the murderer because ______.
80. In Thank You, Ma’am Mrs. Jones didn’t ask any question about his family for the reason that ______.

VI.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题。每小题2分,共20分)
 81.你能把这句话译成英语吗?
 82.学生们站起来,轮流向这位发言人提问。
 83.他认真的听着演讲,还不时的在笔记本上写上几个字。
 84.长江是中国最长的河流,流入东海。
 85.当我们听到这个消息后,不禁为他担心起来。
 86.如果你早点告诉我,也许我已经帮你把问题解决了。
 87.这个单词我已经碰到过好几次了。
 88.他在屋里来回的走动,思考着这个问题。
 89.女孩子们都想有好身材是可以理解的。
 90.学校和家长都应教孩子们怎样对付困难和失败。

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